ALLRED, William Moore

William Moore Allred

William Moore Allred was born in Bedford Co., TN on Dec. 24, 1819. He was the fifth child and second son of the 13 children of Isaac Allred and Mary Calvert. The family moved to Monroe Co. Missouri about 1831 and settled near the Salt River. On Sept. 10, 1832, William was baptized by George M. Hinkle and joined the LDS Church (Mormon) along with other family members. He first saw Joseph Smith when the church leader came to as he led Zion’s Camp toward Jackson Co. The Allreds moved to Clay Co. in 1835 but were driven to Caldwell Co. the next year.

William became involved in the resistance to the mobs while still in his teens, participating in the battle of Crooked River and other skirmishes. He is the “Captain Allred” who led the capture of the shipment of mob arms. He was among those who surrendered and was disarmed at Far West, Missouri. He then fled to Quincy, IL as a fugitive to escape the recriminations decreed against the leaders of the resistance to the mobs. He later returned to Far West to help his family remove to Illinois. Then he was very sick for almost a year.

The Allreds settled in Nauvoo, IL where William met and married Orissa Angelia Bates on Jan. 9, 1842. The ceremony was performed in the home of Apostle Orson Pratt by Mayor John C. Bennett. The Prophet Joseph Smith and his wife Emma were present. William paid $150 for a lot near the temple site, where he built a small brick house. He sold it all for $35 when they left.

William worked on the throughout its construction period. There was little money. He sold the cloth he had acquired to make a coat in order to buy bread. Through experience in the building of the Nauvoo Temple, he learned the building trade which he followed for the remainder of his life.

Joining the , William was commissioned a Captain. He also had a close association with the Prophet Joseph Smith. He played ball with him, was present to hear a number of prophecies, and was among those present when Joseph bid them farewell as he rode off to Carthage and martyrdom. He was present at the meeting of August 8, 1844, in which both Sidney Rigdon and Brigham Young stated their cases for leadership of the church. He was convinced that “the mantle of Joseph” fell upon Brigham. William and Orissa received their endowments in the new temple on Jan. 3, 1846. They left Nauvoo in the spring. Owning no wagon, they were transported to by Orson Pratt, who was William’s brother-in-law, having married Orissa’s sister. They later settled at “Allred Settlement” near Council Bluffs, Iowa.

William found employment to aid in preparation to move to Utah. He acquired two cows and raised and broke some steers, and he worked at a wagon shop. After working hours he worked at building his own wagon. He later proudly reported that he was one of the few who had no wagon breakdown on the trip west. William migrated to Utah in 1851. He took charge of Orson Pratt’s wagons as well as his own-a taxing experience.

Orissa passed away in 1878 leaving four small sons. William later married Mary Osborne, a widow, who cared for him and his sons. In 1893 he moved with some of his sons to the new settlement in Star Valley, WY. There he built a two-room frame house just like those he had built at Bear Lake Settlement. It was there at his home at Fairview, Wyo. that he passed away on June 8, 1901. He was buried beside Orissa at St. Charles, ID.

Throughout his life, after 1844 William observed June 27th, the anniversary of the martyrdom of Joseph and Hyrum Smith, as a special day.

At Salt Lake City William’s little daughter, Adeline, who had become blind, was blessed by Joseph Smith’s Uncle John and immediately healed. William was present in 1853 when the temple block was dedicated and also when the cornerstone of the temple was placed. He moved to the Toole area in 1855, where he served in a bishopric. In 1857 he married Martha Martindale. She died in 1860 leaving a small son who Orissa raised as one of her own. In 1858 William took part in the Utah War serving as Sergeant of the Guard.

In 1864 William was among those called to settle the Bear Lake Valley of Idaho/Utah under the direction of Apostle Charles C. Rich. According to his journal, he built “about the first house in St. Charles. He helped build sawmills, gristmills, and homes in that area. When frost took his wheat he went to Soda Springs and worked for wheat to make bread for his family. At different times he served in the following positions: Stake Superintendent of Sunday Schools, agent for both Deseret News and Juvenile Instructor, Justice of the Peace, County Clerk, County Recorder & Pound Keeper.


As I did not keep a diary, I write this from memory, which commenced in St. Charles, Bear Lake Co., Idaho, on June 22nd, 1885, after I was sixty-five years old.

I was born on the 24th of Dec., 1819, in Bedford County Tennessee, fifty miles south of the City of Nashville. My parents were very religious. I believe they belonged to the Presbyterian Church. I never had much chance for an education, and it was very old-fashioned at that. I remember going to Sabbath school a few times where I was born and a few times to the camp meetings, but yet I was too young to understand much about doctrine. When I was about ten or eleven years old, my parents moved to Missouri about five hundred miles north and settled in Monroe County on the state road in 3 miles of one of the three forks of Salt River. We found this to be quite a different country. Where I was born I do not remember ever seeing the snow over six inches deep. Perhaps it would go off [the] next day, and then it would be mud. The first year we lived in Missouri, I think the snow fell in Nov. about two feet deep and stayed on the ground all winter. Towards spring there came a thaw and then froze a crust on the snow so we could walk on it. As there was plenty of deer in that country (it being a new country), we could go out and find the deer, and when they would jump they would breakthrough. The dogs could run on top of the snow so we could catch them. While living at this place, I killed the first deer I ever killed. I was about twelve or thirteen years old. I remember the first winter I frosted my feet some and could not be out much for a long while. My two younger brothers Reddin A. and Reddick N. (twins) had no shoes, and my oldest brother, John E. would bring in wood for us. We would spell and read, and that was the way the twins commenced to learn to read. If I remember right I was the first school teacher they ever had, and that was the first school I ever taught, and the only one (with only two scholars).

I think in the fall of 1831 I first heard of the people called Mormons (Latter Day Saints). Hyrum Smith and John Murdock were the first I heard preach. While living at this place, Father went out one day and killed two deer before breakfast. When he came home, there was a man with his family there just moving into the country by the name of Bell. When he saw the two deer, he said with an oath “Allred and Bell shall never go to hell.”

In 1832 George M. Hinkle, Danial Cathcart, and James Johnson came along and raised up a branch of the church called the Salt River Branch. I was baptized in Salt River on the 10th of Sept. 1832. There were 19 baptized that day including my parents and one or two of my sisters. The gathering place for the saints was in Jackson County about two hundred miles west of here.

In 1833 the church was driven from Jackson County. My father had sold his farm to move up there, but when he heard they were driven out, he rented the farm that the man had that bought his. He changed houses and stayed there for one year. While living here, I first saw Joseph Smith the Prophet (in 1834), as he was going up in what was called Zion’s Camp. While living here my Brother Harvy, when he would laugh his mouth would draw around to one side. Father sent for the Elders and he was healed immediately.

We then moved to Clay County, I think in 1835, where the saints had settled after being driven from Jackson County. I think we lived there one year, in 1835, and the people became so hostile we had to move to Caldwell an adjoining county; a still more thinly settled country (1836). Many of them I presume were outlaws that had fled from other parts. We lived there for about two years and were getting a pretty good start; broke ground in Far West for the temple in 1837.

My father had quite a large family in all nine boys and four girls. The oldest girl died before I was born. We suffered considerably from persecution and exposure. Persecution still increased, and finally, Governor Boggs ordered out the militia of the state against us. I was in pretty much all the campaigns and troubles. In 1838 I went with a company to assist a settlement that was besieged by the mob in the town of Dewit on the Missouri River in Carroll County. We arrived there at the night, and it was decided to go and attack the mob that night.


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