In the mid 1800s, Mormon explorers pushed down through southern Utah across the state border to escape escalating hostility by the U.S. government towards their polygamist practices. The Church built a settlement and cattle ranch around Pipe Spring, which marginalized the Kaibab Paiutes by cutting off their water use. Overgrazing, along with increased drought, destroyed the grasslands. Now, sagebrush grows in its place creating a landscape of sandy badlands.
At the monument, you can explore remnants of the late 19th century fortified Mormon ranch. The park service offers guided tours of Winsor Castle (the Fort), and a short trail goes to the West and East Cabins which house cowboy displays. Other trails highlight the enclosed spring, historic orchards, and corrals.
When the park service acquired Pipe Spring in 1923, they granted the Kaibab Paiute water rights. Today, the tribe shares their culture with tourists through tours, hikes, and cultural events. They also operate a campground a ¼ mile from the monument. If you’re roadtripping to nearby national parks like Zion, Bryce Canyon, or the Grand Canyon, be sure to leave time in your itinerary to stop at pipe spring national monument—a small place rich in history. – Excerpt from Grand Canyon Trust
Location: Pipe Spring is 45 miles east of Hurricane. From Utah Highway 89 and 89A, turn onto Arizona State Route 389 in Fredonia, Arizona. Pipe Spring is 15 miles west of Fredonia.