Tyron, according to the entries in his journal, was a farmer and a methodical one. He paid the preacher, the teacher, the laborer and was generally a useful citizen. From the standpoint of those who want to complain about high prices, Tyron’s record furnishes some basis for arguments. He kept a record of every cent he spent, and he spent quite a lot.
The entries start off at the beginning, namely, the cost of the passbook in which the record is kept. The cost was 6 cents and the date was May 18, 1839.
Some of the items in the book and the dates given are as follows :
- June 25, 1842, eleven pounds of butter, $2.07. (About 19 cents a pound).
- October 1, 1842, fifteen pounds of beef, 75 cents. (Five cents a pound).
- April 5,1843, sixteen pounds of veal, 64 cents. (Four cents a pound).
- May 7, 1842, five dozen eggs, 50 cents. (Ten cents a dozen).
- February 21, 1842, thirty-seven pounds of butter, $7.40. (Twenty cents a pound).
- November 26, 1842, Mary Ann, shoes, 50 cents.
- June 4, 1842, two yards blue calico, 38 cents.
- August 7, 1842, one gallon molasses, 50 cents.
- August 7, 1842, seven pounds of rice, 42 cents.
- August 7,1842, seven pounds brown sugar, 66 cents.
- August 26, 1842, one pair of suspenders, 25 cents.
There was plenty of labor at the prevailing prices in those days. Some of the entries for labor hire are:
- Hamilton Drake.
- July 14, 1845—One day mowing, 75 cents.
- July 15, 1845—One day reaping, 75 cents.
- Lewis McGill.
- July 7, 1845—One day hoeing corn, 75 cents.
- July 12—One day cradling, 75 cents.
- Daniel Ogden.
- July 10, 1845—One half day raking hay, 37 cents.
- Clark McNish.
- December 4, 1845—New shoes on my bay mare, $1.
- William Williams.
- August 31, 1846—One day’s thrashing, 50 cents.
In connection with the account of William Williams there are items showing board paid and also an allowance of $1.25 for a load of hay.
In another part of this little book is the following:
1845—Gain raised on farm—
Ear corn—140 bushels.
Under the date of 1845 there is an item for preaching, the rate being $2.75.
Brother Tyrou was a school district trustee. Under date of January 21, 1841, there is a record of the receipt of $8.32 from the old Board of Trustees. One of the records of the school trustees is as follows:
“H. Tuthill taught six months. Paid her $45.”
The school building windows suffered greatly. In a record for six months there are seven items like this:
For glass and putty—23 cents.
Taxes were certain in those days, to. Some of the tax items are:
- December 12, 1845—Paid taxes, $9.12.
- November 23, 1842—Paid school taxes, $2.15.
And finally in this little book there is a recipe for pickle to be placed on ham. This is it:
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Take six gallons of water, nine pounds of salt, one quart of molasses, three ounces of saltpeter, one ounce of salaratus. Put together, cool, then skim and put on hams.