Hullinger Diary of Lot Smith Expedition 1862

Hullinger Diary of Lot Smith Expedition 1862

by Margaret Fisher, in Utah and the (1800)

Company Physician,

Harvey Coe Hullinger (1824-1926)

Harvey C. Hullinger kept a rather complete journal. The following is taken from his daily journal entries concerning the Lot Smith Company:

Salt Lake City, Wednesday, April 30. Removed to the southwest part of the city and camped. Here we were sworn in and organized. Ed Guest and I were appointed cooks for a mess of ten. The mess consisted of John P. Wimmer, John Neff, Edward F. M. Guest, Hiram B. North, James H. Gragun, Eph Williams, Leander Lemmon, Reuben P. Miller, Ben Neff and myself.

Thursday, May 1. Morning was pleasant. About one p.m. we were ordered to hitch up and mount. At 4:30 we received orders to march out of the city. We moved up to the mouth of Parley’s Canyon, where we camped. Prayer was offered at nine p.m.

Friday, May 2. Marched to Emigration Canyon, where President Young and General Daniel H. Wells met us at nine a. m. They both addressed us on the duties of Saints, and spoke of the mission which we were called upon to fill. We were instructed to be actuated by the Spirit of the Lord. They took dinner with us. After they left, we moved a mile up the canyon. We found it difficult to cross the creek. The reach of Thurston Larson’s wagon broke. We took some things out of his wagon and moved over little mountain and camped at Clover Creek.

Saturday, May 3. We moved up towards the park. We found the roads badly washed out. At one place we dammed the creek and turned the water out of its course. The roads became muddier. It made hard work for the baggage teams. At times we had to fasten ropes to the horses and pull them out of the mud and help them up the hills. As we reached the summit, the road became almost impassable. It took us four hours to travel less than a mile. We camped on the north side of the hill, and called the camp “Hard Scramble.’’

Sunday, May 4. Started on our march at twenty minutes past seven. The roads were worse than on the previous day. We broke camp at East Canyon Creek and then moved up to William K. Kimball’s ranch and camped. The first mile of the day’s journey was desperate. After we reached Ferguson ranch we got along much better until we came near the Kimball ranch, where we found a bad mud hole. All day we had to carry most of our baggage on our riding horses. The snow was some three to ten feet deep, and very slushy underneath for about the first mile. Then it was somewhat better for the remainder of the day’s journey. It was pleasant overhead.

Monday, May 3.  At seven o’clock we struck our tents. The morning was clear and pleasant. We moved without difficulty for a few miles down the canyon, but farther on we found the roads badly washed out. We dug in on the side of the mountains and let the wagons over with ropes and down the hill. We also had to hold them with ropes to keep them from upsetting. Notwithstanding our difficulties, all was well in camp, and the men seemed to be merry. Only the Latter-day Saints could have surmounted these difficulties and remained cheerful. We camped on Silver Creek.

Tuesday. May 6. The morning was bright and clear. We moved down across the Weber. We went to Chalk Creek and built a bridge. I quit the job as cook the day we camped on Chalk Creek.

Wednesday, May 7. The morning was clear and cool. I attended drill and roll call this morning at five a. m. At seven we struck our tents, hitched up, and took up our march. The creek was somewhat lower. A beef, which had been killed the night before, was served in rations. We moved down to the mouth of Echo and built a bridge. The stringers of the upper side broke under the weight of the eighth wagon. Two wagons, my own one of them, went over and down when the bridge broke. One of the horses was drowned. We moved to the north side of Echo and forded. We moved to the next crossing, built a bridge for the men, and took the wagons over by hand, carrying the baggage and swimming the horses, and we camped for the night.

Thursday, May 8. We moved up near the mail station and camped. The snow was several feet deep in places, but there was none on the road. I sent a letter home by James Bromley in a package containing other men’s mail. We camped above Cache Cave, at the junctions of the canyons, where there was good water, but wood and fuel were scarce.

Friday, May 9. The morning was quite clear and cool. There was some frost during the night. At 6:20 a.m. we struck our tents and started on our day’s march. Ascending the first mountain, we found the roads fairly good, but we found mud and snow on the flats. It was hard pulling for the teams. We moved to Yellow Creek. We found the water very high. At nine a. m. the weather was warm and pleasant. We made a foot bridge over the creek and carried our loads across. We took the wagons across on this bridge and swam the horses. We all got wet. In crossing Needle Creek one of Henry Dalton’s horses broke its four legs and we had to shoot it. It was a fine horse. We camped opposite Needle Rock.

Saturday, May 10. The morning was cool and clear. We struck tents and moved to a place within two miles of Quaking Asp Springs, where we stopped for dinner. After traveling about twelve miles we reached Bear River. We found the crossing fairly good. From this point the roads were bad. We saw some Indians this evening. We took dinner on Willow Creek. We camped at 5:30 p.m. on the banks of the big Muddy River. The roads were good all day. We traveled about twenty-eight miles. This evening we drew rations for the mess. There was not much to do along the roads. The spirit of fear seemed to have taken possession of those who were not of us.

Sunday, May 11. The morning was beautiful and pleasant. All the men seemed to feel well. I attended roll call and was requested by the chaplain to lead in prayer. We struck our tents at 6:25, and at 8:10 a.m. we ascended the large hill. At 9:10 we saw the first antelope. We came in sight of Fort Bridger and saw the Stars and Stripes floating over it. But as we approached the fort, the flag was hauled down. Those in possession were fearful that Indians were approaching. At 11:45 we camped cast of Fort Bridger. Our captain sent a detachment of men down to the station to look after matters there. On their return, they reported that they had seen no Indians, except one squaw, and camped at Bridger.

Monday, May 12. A detachment of one corporal, one sergeant, eight privates, and one teamster stopped to guard the supply train which was on the road. Volunteers were called to make up this guard. I volunteered last night, but was relieved by Moses Gibson, who took my place. We moved down below Miller Hill, and crossed the stream and camped on Smith Fork. We received two beefs this morning at Bridger. We moved over to the crossing at Black’s Fort, reaching there about five p. m. The day had been windy and unpleasant. We saw no Indians today. The people all along the mail lines seemed to be badly scared.

Tuesday, May 13. The morning was cool and clear. At 6:30 a.m. we struck our tents, transferred our clothing, bedding, and camp equipment to Major Rawlins’ wagon. We found the ford impassable and crossed the bridge at Ham’s Fork. The bridge was in very poor shape. A number of the boys got their clothing wet in crossing Black’s Fort. We drove five or six miles on the upper road. We found the remains of some clothing and the skull bones of a sister who had been buried there last September. As the grave was open, we dug down and buried the skull. The age of the sister was given as 65. We camped on Dry Creek, where there was plenty of good grass and water, and greasewood for fuel.

Wednesday, May 14. The morning was clear and pleasant. At twenty minutes past six we started. Arrived at Green River at 11:20 a.m. and ferried over the river. We moved on to the Big Sandy and stopped at two minutes to two for lunch. We moved two or three miles farther and camped for the night. I drove the beef cattle today. I went on guard at four a. m. A detachment of one wagon and guard was selected to go back to Ham’s Fork early this morning for a load of flour and bacon. This evening is cool and windy.

Thursday, May 15. The morning was cool and cloudy. I went on guard at four a. m. and was released at six a. m. The wagon and guard started back to Ham’s Fork early this morning. The day was rather disagreeable. Some snow fell. A scouting party went out to look for a cache, but returned without finding it. We remained in camp all day. Many of the men amused themselves pitching quoits and in other sports. I drew fifty pounds of flour for our mess today. We have had a good rest after climbing the mountains.

Friday, May 16. The morning was cool and cloudy. Snow fell during the night. We struck our tents at 8.30 a. m., and at nine a. m. our detachment and wagon arrived from Ham’s Fork with supplies. We had quite a thrill this morning. We saw the first scorpion. It was found in one of the tents. It did no harm. We started out via Sandy and went over and crossed the Big Sandy, and stopped on the east side, where we arrived at 2:05 p. m. The wind was cool, and wood scarce. But the grass was good.

Saturday, May 17. The morning was very pleasant and cool. Snow fell during the night. The sky cleared at eight a. m., making the day seem more pleasant. At 9:30 we saddled up preparatory to a start. A strong west wind was blowing, but it was not so cold. Some of the men complained of not feeling well during the night. None of them, however, were sick. At 11:30 a.m. we crossed the Little Sandy, and at 3:15 p. m. we crossed Dry Sandy, and moved up on the bench and camped. At 4:30 p.m. we started for Pacific Springs, and camped on Pacific Bench.

Sunday, May 18. The morning was cold and clear. The ground froze during the night. At seven a. m. we crossed Pacific Creek, and went on to the last crossing of Sweet Water. We crossed the Little Creek and camped for noon. We started on Seminole cut-off at 1:05 p. m., and traveled about fifteen miles to within two or three miles of Antelope Springs. We found more snow on the east side of the summit than on the west. We also ran into some snow drifts. The day was very cold. We found pretty good grass, water and sage.

Monday, May 19. The morning was pretty cool and cloudy. Jt froze during the night. We struck our tents and started at 6:30 a. m. We crossed Antelope Springs branch at 8:20. Arrived at Sage Creek at ten a. m., and at eleven we stopped at the head of Warm Springs for noon. One Brother broke his rifle near Sage Creek today. We started and moved over to the fifth crossing of Sweet Water. We found the crossing of Ice Springs very bad and the mud deep. The mules all fell down.

Tuesday, May 20. The morning was pretty clear and not so cold as yesterday. I was called on guard at twelve noon, and stood until seven a. m. We met the first train of hunters yesterday near the foot of the Seminole cut-off. They were bound for Salmon River. We went down to the station yesterday and found everything strewn around. The mail bags were opened and the mail matter scattered all over the house inside and out. We got along very well today. We camped for noon near where the Indians attacked the stage, and found the coach stripped of its load. A hole had been dug for defense. This was about three miles above Split Rock. We camped at Sweet River about a mile above the Rocky Ford.

Wednesday, May 21. The morning was pleasant, clear and beautiful. Reports came last night that the post at Devil’s Gate was burning. We were ordered for the first time to have our arms and ammunition ready. We moved down to Plat’s station. Found it deserted and the corral burned. We met Captain Burton’s command and took dinner together. Hitched up and moved down to Bridge station. Found that the telegraph could be operated, but otherwise things were pell mell. Immigrants had dug up the cache and stolen the horses and other things. We wrote and telegraphed home.

Thursday, May 22. The morning was clear, pleasant and beautiful. The detachment consisted of Lieutenant Robery, Sergeant Wimmer and Corporal Neff, twenty-seven privates and one bugler. The captain and the others of the command went up to the river to make a selection of grounds for quarters. The weather has been changeable. I was called to take the afternoon guard from twelve noon to eight p.m. We found the grass here pretty good. The men went to work today and cleaned up the old station.

Friday, May 23. The morning was clear and pleasant. I did my washing. It consisted of a shirt and a pair of garments. The boys enjoyed themselves today pitching quoits and other innocent amusements. About one p. m. Captain Lot Smith arrived with twenty-five of his men to meet the other command which is expected to arrive tomorrow. The day passed off quietly. Nothing of importance transpired. We were called out and drilled on the road east of the station as dismounted cavalrymen. The flag staff was raised, and John Neff was sent for a flag.

Saturday, May 24. The morning was cloudy but quite pleasant. This afternoon we were called out to drill. We went through the form company by twos to the right march and formed platoons by fours, left wheel guide, right march all the rest of the guide’s march. One of the wagons, which had been left, came up with some provisions. Among the provisions, there was fresh beef, which was very welcome to all the camp. All seemed to enjoy themselves very much. Prayer call was sounded at 8:30 p.m. Comrade Clements officiated.

Sunday, May 25. The morning was pleasant, warm and clear. Captain Lot Smith and several others went east to meet the troops that were coming from the States. He returned in the afternoon and reported that the eastern troops were stationed at Plat Bridge. Three men with one four-mule wagon were sent to Deer Creek for a galvanic battery. About noon a large train of California immigrants, with a number of fine horses, passed the post. I was called on guard at six p.m. Was released for supper and went on until 9:30 p.m.

Monday, May 26. I was called on guard at 3:30 a.m., and relieved at 5:30 a.m. Captain Smith, the lieutenants, privates and teams left Devil’s Gate to meet the rest of the command. One of our wagons went to bring down provisions from the commissary. With this wagon went one sergeant, one corporal, eight privates, one teamster, and one blacksmith. David Kimball arrived today with beef, sugar, flour, coffee and other articles of food. Captain Smith sent down orders for me to go down to camp to assist in making a bake oven. The boys are all well. The day has been windy. Quite a train of travelers passed us today.

Tuesday, May 27. The morning was pleasant and pretty warm. I started for Devil’s Gate. Upon my arrival I took charge of building a bake oven which was finished early in the afternoon. One of the men in camp is sick. The teams were sent up to the mountains for timber and returned in good season. Our camp is just below the creek which enters just above Devil’s Gate. The house and corral will be built a few rods below Wheeler’s and Merchant’s station. I was called to lead in prayer this evening.

Wednesday, May 28. The morning was beautifully clear and warm. The men went to the mountains after more logs this morning. All are as busy as bees. The cross-cut saw is running and axes are swinging. Shovels and spades are in great demand. We proceeded well with the building until the lumber was all used. The commissary orderly sergeant went down to the bridge and reported that everything was all right. I took the sand out of the oven today, and made a bake pan out of a piece of old stove pipe. It was the best material we could get. Even that kind was scarce. I also made a long handled spade with which to take out bread, and a scraper with which to clean the oven.

Thursday, May 29. The morning was rainy and disagreeable. There was quite a rain during the early evening. H. D. Park and myself went hunting this afternoon, but we did not kill any game. Captain Smith went to the telegraph station and received a telegram from Brigadier-General Craig, advising him to start fifty men toward Ham’s Fork, at which place Indians had stolen sixty horses. The telegram also advised that Bromley was on the way down with stock. This evening finished our first month in the service.

Friday, May 30. The morning was pleasant. Captain Smith started out for Ham’s Fork, leaving here three officers. Lieutenant Rawlings, Sergeant Wimmer, and Corporal Neff, and some forty to fifty men. Thurston Larson and six of us drove to Independence Rock to repair the bridge which had been washed out on the west side. We obtained the stone to repair the bridge from Independence Rock. Two teams started for the mountain for timber this morning. The Sweet Water was running over its banks in many places this morning. The troops are on their way down to Independence Rock. We started at about two a.m.

Saturday, May 31. The morning dawned quite clear, but some clouds were hanging over the mountains. This morning we moved our camp around to the front of the corral. We received word that the United States troops had received orders to march to the south pass. They passed here about eleven a.m. I was called on guard at 9:20 a.m. and came off at 1:40 p.m.; went on again at six p.m., and came off at twelve p.m. Word came yesterday that our supply train was at Ham’s Fork held up by high water. Provisions are getting so low that there is talk of putting us on half rations.

Sunday, June 1. The morning was clear and pretty cool. A detachment of two wagon loads of men went down to Independence Rock, to repair the bridge. The water had nearly undermined the abuttments. The weather was very warm at about ten o’clock. It began to look like summer. At noon it was quite cloudy. There were signs of rain. 1:30 some rain and hail fell. The detachment returned, bringing a telegram. The boys had some difficulty in finding the horses belonging to John Neff, Benjamin Neff, and Joseph Fisher. They found them in the evening. The day closed very pleasant and warm.

Monday, June 2. The morning was pleasant and clear. At about 11:15 there were signs of rain. Two wagons went to the mountains for timber for house and corral. A number of mountaineers came to the station this morning, and we had an interesting shooting match. Slade and Eaton are expected soon with the mail. We climbed up the rocks at Devil’s Gate. It is a rough and dangerous place. The day closed cloudy and cool, the wind blowing from the west.

Tuesday, June 3. The morning was clear and cool. It turned warm about eleven a.m. We finished putting up the logs before noon. Did a little afternoon. It was stormy. At the morning roll call Comrade Lemmon led in prayer. One man was tried for swearing.

Wednesday, June 4. The morning was clear and pleasant. I obtained permission from the lieutenant to go to the telegraph office to see Eaton and Slade about getting my pay from the telegraph company. They acknowledged by draft collect. Eaton agreed to pay it when he got to the city. G. Appleby signed a receipt, which I authorized him to do by telegraph. I was called.on guard at 3:30 and retired at 8:30; came on again and stood until 3 a.m. Some work was done on the house today. We killed a beef this evening.

Thursday, June 5. Came off guard at three a. m. The morning was clear and pleasant. All hands were busy cutting sage brush with which to cover the house. It was very windy this afternoon. The stage passed here about nine o’clock this morning for the first time since our arrival here. I sent a package of letters to the city by Mr. Eaton. It is expected that the mail coaches will begin to run regularly in a few days. Brigadier-General Craig is expected to be at the station tomorrow. United States troops are ordered back to the bridge. Bromley is at Pacific Springs.

Friday, June 6. The morning was fair and pleasant. The prayer was offered by Comrade Wimmer, after we were drilled as dismounted cavalry. We received orders to clean up our guns and also to clean up the camp ground. Last evening we had a merry time in camp. All sang. Some good songs were sung. Five wagon loads of people passed us today. It rained this afternoon, and the men played ball.

Saturday, June 7. The morning was pretty warm, but cloudy. This morning prayer was offered by Miller. We were ordered to chink and finish the other house. At about 9:30 a.m. Brigadier-General Craig came by in a coach. He stopped to see us. He was quite sociable. He directed us to call on their quartermaster for supplies in case ours ran out before others came from our source. Lieutenant Rawlins and others were down to the rock this morning. Quite a number of immigrants passed here today. One supply wagon arrived today with provisions consisting of flour, bacon, molasses, hard bread, etc. The guard left at Bridger came along this evening. The evening was cool and cloudy. Prayer was offered by Comrade J. Rawlins.

Sunday, June 8. The sun rose in a clear sky, but there were clouds hanging over the mountains. It looked like rain. The day has been quite stormy. Nothing of any consequence transpired. The mail coaches have passed twice a day since the mail line began operating regularly. It looks more natural. It is not so lonesome as it was before.

Monday, June 9. The morning was quite pleasant. The first business of the day was to haul clay, and chink and daub the house and make it ready for the use of the commissary department. One team went to the mountains for wood and returned with a large load. The day was quite windy. The Sweet Water was about as high as it has been since we came here. I drew two sketches of the Devil’s Gate. This afternoon we moved our tents up on the bench on account of the lowlands being very damp.

Tuesday, June 10. The morning was pleasant and clear.  I was called on guard at 3:20 a.m. and remained until 8:40. The stable call was sounded and we drove up the herd. The boys saddled up by order, and were drilled on the hill by Lieutenant Rawlins. We went out to meet the first Church train that came from the East. It was in charge of Captain Murdock. Their animals looked pretty well, but one was lame and another had a broken leg. Late in the afternoon Captain Duncan’s company passed and camped to the east, near the rocky path. Quite a large train of people bound for Salmon River camped near Brigadier-General Craig’s headquarters.

Wednesday, June 11. The morning was cool. It became more pleasant after sunrise. I was called on guard at three a. m. and came off at 7:40 a.m. The train bound for Salmon River passed west this morning. The men were cursing and swearing. At about noon it clouded up and looked very much like rain. A few of the soldiers from the rock came to see us today. The telegraph line is down. The operator went up to repair the break.

The teams were sent to the canyons for timber to be used in building a bridge for the Church train to cross. The station bridge was not considered safe until repaired. We tore down one of the houses we had built to obtain raft and bridge timber. The bridge is to be built just below the Devil’s Gate.

Thursday, June 12. The morning was pleasant and clear. Prayer was offered by Comrade Terry. Teams were sent to the canyons for more bridge timber. All hands, except the cooks and guards, were called to work on the bridge, so that the Church train could cross over. This was done to save $2.00 a wagon as toll, which would be charged at the crossing of the Rock Bridge, and it would amount to about $600.00 for the train. I was dispatched to see to the loading of Captain Duncan’s team with timber. When they came up we built a raft and floated the captain’s train across the stream. One wagon went overboard and floated down stream about a quarter of a mile, but it was saved without any loss.

Friday, June 13. The morning was clear and pleasant. The order of the day was to go to work at the bridges. Quite a number of the boys have colds, and complain of not feeling well. The U. S. troops passed down this morning. These were the same troops that came up shortly after our arrival on the 1st of June. Quite a number of immigrants passed. They were bound for the Salmon River country. We completed the abuttments of the bridge, and put the bend together. The day was pleasant. The train is expected tomorrow. Quite a number of the boys have gone up to see it. The sky clouded this evening. The news came today that the last of General Craig’s command would arrive today.

Saturday, June 14. The morning was cool and pleasant. About nine a. m. the clouds commenced to gather, and it commenced to lightning and thunder, with high winds and rain. About 10:30 it cleared up a little, but there is indication of more rain. It is still thundering in the distance. The Sweet Water went down several inches today. Captain Horne’s train passed this afternoon.

They crossed safely by raft before night. A few immigrants passed. It has been very disagreeable most of the day. I was called on guard at four p. m. Came off at eight a.m. I got a letter from home today.

Sunday, June 15. I went on guard at twelve midnight and stood until three a. m. The wind blew hard all night. One of the tents was blown over, and most of the others tore loose. A train of immigrants passed this morning. Captain Harmon’s train of thirty-five wagons passed this afternoon. A train of immigrants stopped just above us for the day. The wind was blowing hard all day up to eight p.m.

Monday, June 16. The wind was still blowing. The morning was clear and quite cool. Captain Harmon’s company crossed on the raft. Nine immigrant wagons were taken across this morning. In crossing the stream, one wagon got off the raft and one Brother lost a satchel containing clothing. There was some horse trading in camp this morning. I sent a package of letters to the city, including one for myself. Lieutenant Rawlins went to see the Lieutenant-Colonel. He left orders to march, but the men voted to finish the bridge, and the vote carried.

Tuesday, June 17. The morning was pleasant. The wind ceased blowing. Most of the men worked on the bridge this morning. The troops passed last night for the south pass. Quite a number of immigrants passed this morning. Some were enroute to California and others to Salmon River. We made progress in our work on the bridge. We got the bend in place and got the stringers ready to cover. Today I met Emery Runks, a boy who attended my school when I was teaching in Ohio fifteen years ago. From him I learned of my relatives.

Wednesday, June 18. The morning was pleasant and clear. A wagon was sent to the mountains for covering for the bridge. Most of the men began to cover the bridge. A number of our horses were lost this morning. John and Benjamin Neff’s were among the number. Major Rawlins gave strict orders that the horses be herded more carefully, and that they be kept together so that none would be lost. The bridge was fixed today.

Thursday, June 19. It was another pleasant, clear morning. We were ordered to wash up our clothes preparatory for starting to the south pass. Quite a large train of immigrants camped near us last night. Some of them were bound for the Salmon River country, and others for California and Oregon. The Sweet Water has been raising considerably the last few days. It is nearly as high as it has been at any time since we came here. At about four a. m. it clouded up and looked very much like rain.

Friday, June 20. It was another cool and pleasant morning. I went on guard at 3:40 a.m., and came off at eight a.m. The day has been a mixture of hot, cold, wet, dry. There were fewer immigrants passed today than any other day. We understand that we are to start for south pass tomorrow. All are busy patching, repairing and washing their clothing; fixing lassoes and lariats; cleaning guns and pistols; and making bullets. All seem to be glad about the move.

Saturday, June 21. The morning was clear. I went on guard at 3:30 a.m. and came off at 6:30 a.m. We drove up the herd. The boys bridled and saddled their horses and made ready for a start toward the south pass. We moved up to Antonian’s Point and stopped for noon. The roads were very dusty. Just below Plant’s Station we met a large train of immigrants enroute to Salmon River. The boys wanted me to commence cooking again. I complied with their request and commenced this evening. The day has been very warm and the roads sandy and dusty. We camped on the last landing between Split Rock and the crossing.

Sunday, June 22. The morning was clear and pleasant. We had some trouble in catching our animals this morning. We moved up to within two or three miles of the fifth crossing and stopped for noon. Some of the boys went back to catch two horses that ran away from the herd this morning. We moved about half a mile and stopped and made camp for the night. Some immigrants passed nearby.

Monday, June 23. The morning was quite pleasant, being a little cloudy. The boys who went after the horses did not return last night. The result of their search is not yet known. At 5:50 we struck our tents. The horses were called in. We found the boys at the station. They did not find the lost horses. We moved up to Warm Springs branch about a mile above the station and stopped for noon. I received a letter from home today. There was quite a hail storm shortly after we started. After we crossed Sage Creek we traveled up to Antelope Springs to camp for the night. The day closed quite cool.

Tuesday, June 24. The morning was damp, cool and cloudy. We remained in camp for the day in order that we might go to Rocky Ridge for some supplies. A large train of immigrants started from here this morning for Salmon River. The mail company maintains a tent here for a temporary station to be used until Sweet Water River is low enough to cross. One horse, which we had traded for, gave out last night. I went along on an Antelope hunt, but did not get any game. Captain Haight’s Church train arrived this morning.

Wednesday, June 25. The morning was quite clear and pleasant. It rained quite hard last night; there was also some wind. We started at 6:30 a.m. After crossing Rock Creek we stopped for noon. It rained while we were hitching up. We moved up to Captain’s quarters and found the boys all well. A few of them had been sick. We camped eight miles southeast of Pacific Springs near the foot of the mountains. There is water, wood and good grass. We expect to start up the road tomorrow or the next day.

Tuesday, June 26. The morning was clear and pleasant. Captain Smith went down to the Lieutenant-Colonel to learn what orders were to be given. The Captain received no orders. We probably shall remain here for several days. Our animals are doing well. The boys were drilled today as dismounted cavalry by John P. Wimmer. I killed an antelope today. The meat tasted good after eating so much prairie chicken.

Friday, June 27. The morning was clear and pleasant. Orders came from the Lieutenant-Colonel for us to start for Fort Bridger tomorrow morning. The bugle was sounded, the boys called together, and notice of the move was given. All seemed to be glad that we were going to move again. Captain Lot Smith sent the following written report to President Young:


Pacific Springs, June 27, 1862.

President Young:

I have just received orders from General Craig through Col. Collins to march my command to Fort Bridger to guard the line from Green River to Salt Lake City and start from here tomorrow morning. Lieut. Rawlins and command arrived here yesterday. Owing to neglect of the mail my orders to Lieut. Rawlins did not reach him until eight days after they were due, consequently there has been no detail left at Devil’s Gate.

There has been built by the government at the former place a log house 20 ft. by 16, with bake house, etc., attached; also a commodious corral. Lieutenant Rawlins has left the above in charge of Major O’Farral, Ohio V., but occupied by Messrs. Merchant and Wheeler, traders who formerly owned the station that was destroyed there. The property is subject to our order at any time. The command also made a good and substantial bridge on Sweet Water. Three of our trains crossed over. The mail bridge would have been $2.00 per wagon. This bridge is free and also in charge of Major O’Farral. Several immigration companies crossed during the time the command was there free. One company presented us with a good wagon which Lieut. Rawlins handed over to Captain Harmon.

Have had frequent interviews with Col. Collins and officers; they have behaved very gentlemanly and expressed themselves much pleased with our exertions and seem disposed to render us every assistance to contribute to our comfort. Col. Collins is decidedly against killing Indians indiscriminately and will not take any general measures until he can ascertain satisfactorily by -whom the depredations have been committed, and not then resort to killing until he is satisfied that peaceable measures have failed.

Col. Collins and officers all allow that we are the best suited to guard this road, both men and horses. They are anxious to return and if they have any influence I imagine they will try and get recalled and recommend Utah to furnish the necessary guard. The Colonel has just left our camp. He has sent for Washakie, chief of the Snakes, with a view to make treaty or obtain information.

No sickness at all in camp at present. We are attached to Col. Collins’ Regiment, General Craig’s Division, and furnish our muster description and other returns to that command. Should General Wells require duplicates we will forward them.

I am Sir,

Yours respectfully,

Lot Smith.

Saturday, June 28. The morning was clear and pleasant. We struck tents, loaded up, and started out at six a. m. We moved over to Pacific Springs branch and stopped for noon. We passed two immigrant trains near the springs. We moved over to the Dry Sandy. We found no water to suit, and moved on between the Dry Sandy and the Little Sandy. We had to dig for drinking water. We found good sage brush for fire wood.

Sunday, June 29. The morning opened warm and showery. The mosquitoes were bad last night. We moved down to the Big Sandy about a mile and a half and camped for the rest of the day. We found Sergeant S. H. W. Riter camped about a mile below the station. The cavalry company were all camped together for the first time since May 31. There were lots of scorpions here. I killed five or six today. They were found under nearly all the rocks.

Monday, June 30. The morning was pleasant. We traveled down below the Big Timbers Station and camped for noon. We heard that two wagons were turned back on account of small pox. We hitched up and moved several miles and camped on the Sandy. We drove the animals across the Sandy for the night.

Tuesday, July 1. It was a pleasant morning. We hitched up and moved down the Green River. We ran into a slough on the north side of the river. It was very muddy. A number of the animals got down. We pulled the wagons over with ropes. We went through mud and water to the bank of the river. We ferried the saddled horses first, and then the wagons and mules. The banks of the river are lined with immigrant wagons awaiting their turn to be ferried over.

Wednesday, July 2. The morning opened pleasant but cloudy. Our ten were detached to stop here. The rest of the command went on to Fort Bridger. They passed off without anything of moment occurring.

Thursday, July 3. The morning opened pretty warm and windy. The boys returned about eleven a m. The wind has been so high that the ferry had to stop. The north side of the river is crowded with immigrants. All is quiet here, but there was one fight on the river bank.

Friday, July 4. The morning opened warm and pleasant. It was quiet for July 4. I went to work on the ferry boat, but we had to stop on account of the wind. Between one and two hundred wagons arrived on the other side of the river today. An escort of thirty soldiers came with them.

Saturday, July 5. The morning opened pleasant. Three of our boys worked on the boat. About noon two of the circuit judges called on us for an escort to Fort Bridger. It is planned to send a guard of eight with the judges. News is continually coming in of Indian depredations. The governor appointed by President Abraham Lincoln is on the other side of the river. Expect he will cross tonight.

Sunday, July 6. The morning opened pretty clear and warm. At about eight a. m. the judges’ escort started for Bridger. I worked on the boat until noon. After dinner the wind blew so high we could not work. Toward the middle of the afternoon the wind slowed down and we finished ferrying over the train. The immigration is heavy and more is coming. The mosquitoes were very bad.

Monday, July 7. The morning opened warm and pleasant. I did nothing during the forenoon. Afternoon I helped to repair the telegraph lines. It is disconnected all the way across Green River. We took the wire across. We put the wire reel on the boat and towed it up stream until we thought we had enough wire to reach across. But the wind and current were so strong that we could not get across. I went over in the boat to stretch a line, but failed after landing a quarter of a mile below.

Tuesday, July 8. The morning was cool and pleasant. It was a little cloudy. We went to work repairing the telegraph line. We finished repairing the line, and got back to the ferry about twelve o’clock. After dinner we went to work on the ferry boat. I received $2.50 for my services. Several of my old acquaintances from DeWitt, Iowa, passed here for the Salmon River country today. The river is falling quite fast.

Wednesday, July 9. The morning opened pleasant. It got quite hot by noon. There was a fight between two immigrants today with rocks and knives. One of the combatants got a cut on the side of his head, and the fight stopped. The stage came up with a number of passengers. I went to work on the boat this evening. We took over nineteen wagons before eleven o’clock.

Thursday, July 10. The morning opened clear and pleasant. We loaded up our belongings and prepared to move from this place. The immigrants almost surrounded us. We moved down by the corral. Worked on the ferry all afternoon. Today is the first day that the banks have been cleared of immigrant wagons since we came here.

Friday, July 11. The morning opened clear and pleasant. I patched a pair of pants for an immigrant for which I received fifty cents. I hired a squaw to half sole my moccasins. I paid her fifty cents for the work. There was a high wind until about noon. The dust was very disagreeable. Ferry operation was suspended until evening.

Saturday, July 12. The morning opened pretty warm. I purchased two deer skins to make a pair of pants. I paid $4.50 for them. I cut them out and commenced to make them. The wind blew hard today as usual. The boys returned from Fort Bridger. Four of them ran the ferry last night. The mail started for Cherokee Trail this afternoon.

Sunday, July 13. The morning opened pleasant. I had to hunt for some time for my colts which had strayed or been stolen. I did not find them. I traveled eight or ten miles through sand and sage. The wind came up about noon. It was a real tornado. There has been less immigration today than any day since we came.

Monday, July 14. The morning opened warm. I finished my deer skin pants today. We went fishing and caught three fine suckers.

Joseph A. Fisher relates how he arrived home with an old battered hat, hickory shirt, mostly in shreds, a pair of moccasins, obtained at a trading post, and the linings of a pair of trousers. At one part of the journey he was without a dry stitch of clothing day or night for three weeks; his comrades suffered the same exposure with him.

Wednesday, July 16. The morning was pleasant. There was not much immigration today. Louis Hills passed us during the day. The evening was pleasant.

Thursday, July 17. The morning was stormy. Some rain fell. I hunted again for my colts round about twenty miles, but did not find them. There was wind and rain about noon.

Friday, July 18. The morning was fine. A small train of wagons passed us. Rained and hailed some this afternoon. Brother Polmantur came back. He had been out looking for the lost horses.

Saturday, July 19. The morning was fine. Several of the boys saddled up and went to look for some Indians who had been seen last night. It proved to be an old blue blanket instead.

Sunday, July 20. The morning was rather cloudy. It was rainy the forepart of the day. The wind ceased blowing in the afternoon, and it turned out quite nice. We bad bean soup for dinner. It was quite cloudy in the north and northwest, but the day closed quite nice.

Monday, July 21. It was a fine morning. A train of immigrants passed today. We had soup and apples for dinner today. The boys went fishing and caught one fish. It clouded up in the afternoon and rained a little.

Tuesday, July 22. The morning was clear and warm. We hitched up about eight a. m. and started for Fort Bridger. We got to Ham’s Fork about two p.m. Took dinner and hitched up and moved about fifteen miles and camped near the cemetery at Ham’s Fork.

Wednesday, July 23. The morning was clear and pleasant. We hitched up and arrived at Bridger about noon. We found all the boys we had left there well, Captain Smith having gone with a detachment after a band of Indian thieves.

Thursday, July 24. The morning was clear and cool. A number of rockets were fired in honor of the day, commemorating the entrance of the Pioneers into the valley of the Great Salt Lake.

Friday, July 25. It was another clear, cool morning. Corporals Neff, Atwood and myself brought water to camp. I went fishing and caught a small trout. The commissary killed a beef tonight. The wind has been blowing almost all day. The flies were quite bad. The evening was fine.

Saturday, July 26. It was another clear, beautiful day. I went down to the fort, for I had a dollar tip given to me.

Sunday, July 27. The morning opened clear and warm. The nights have been quite cool while we have been here. It rained a little today. No signs of Captain Smith yet. It was a pleasant fine evening. I was called upon to lead in prayer.

Monday, July 28. It was a fine morning. Nothing of importance happened during the day.

Tuesday, July 29. It was a fine morning. Water fine. We found ripe berries. I was summoned to go home.

Wednesday, July 30. I started for home at about eight a.m. I stopped for noon at Bear River and camped at night at the head of Echo.

Thursday, July 31. I moved on my way. Stopped for noon at Elk Creek. Stayed all night at Lonely Bridge.

Friday, August 1. Arrived home in the afternoon and found all well. Sat around a second. I went to Salt Lake City, and then out west to meet the boys who were coming from Fort Bridger. After meeting them, we were dismissed on parole until Thursday, August 8. We went to the city and were paroled for one week longer. A detachment of ten men were sent out to look for Captain Lot Smith. (Captain Smith was found and escorted to the city, where the company was mustered out of service.)

Thus ends the only diary that was kept during the expedition, in the Lot Smith Company.

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